Dora Al-Qare’ Springs 

 

Dora Al-Qare’ is located five kilometers north-east of Ramallah and one kilometer to the north of Ramallah-Nablus Road. The oldest archaeological remains in Dora Al-Qare’ dates back to the Roman era as archaeological excavations revealed rocks, graves, and water channels from that era. There are over seven water springs along the valley on the eastern part of the town, which constituted the basis for the traditional irrigation system used in the town until now. The system consists of channels, pools engraved in rocks, or pools built in rocks that were used to irrigate one of the most famous agricultural crops in the area. Additionally, the center of the town has many models of old-style backyards and an oil mill.

The residents of the town call the location of the springs the “area of the springs” and refer to the lands benefiting from the water of the springs as Hawakeer or Gardens. The most famous five springs are named Ein Al-Maghara, Al-Ein Al-Foqa, Ein Al-Dora, Ein Al-Daraj, Al-Ein Al-Oula. These springs are laid out in a linear position very closely to each other in a way that makes it difficult to distinguish the fact that they’re separate. The springs are located north of the Old City; therefore, the Gardens are located east-north and eastern of the Old City’s houses.  The springs are located in a high position near the valley between the mountains of Armout and Ghratis, in the middle of the slope where land begins to stretch. From the “area of the springs,” levelled lands start to expand on the two sides of the valley forming larger area of fertile lands for planting vegetables and other crops. Historically, the Gardens are considered to be the foundation of the economy in town because all the villagers used these lands for agricultural produce.