Jebeia Forest


Jebeia’s total area is 1666 Dunums, 542 Dunums of which is the forest land area. It is 650 – 675 meters above sea level with average rainfall of 600 millimeters annually. The weather is humid and cold in the winter, dry and hot in the summer which constitutes great environment for trees. It has red soil (Terra Rossa) full of organic materials. In the forest, there are around 16 plant types and many other trees, bushes, weeds, and climbing plants. What is special about Jebeia’s forest is the fact that there are olive trees that exist because the land used to be agricultural.


Even though Um Al-Safa and Jebeia forests are close to each other, there are several differences between them. Um Al-Safa Forest is nine decades old, the density and height of the afroforestry in addition to the width of trees’ trunks prove the age of the forest. Jebiea’ forest is estimated to be four decades old, which has shorter trees and narrower tree trunks. Um Al-Safa forest is richer and has more biodiversity comparing to Jebeia’s as it has different types of trees, abundance and natural relationships that exist in the area. In the eastern part of Jebiea’s forest, there is an archeological site called Kherbet Sayda dating back to the Byzantine era. Dr. Hamed Salem, a Birzeit University Professor, alongside a group of Birzeit students, experts, and internationals excavated the site in 1999. The excavations uncovered many markers, monuments that prove the existence of a main Byzantine village.